|Garth Brooks Biography||
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Troyal Garth Brooks, born February 7, 1962 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Oklahoma and raised in Yukon, Oklahoma is an United States country music singer-songwriter and charitable organization director.
Brooks was a phenomenal musical force in the 1990s. He had his chart breakthrough in 1989, having come apparently from nowhere, and was an immediate commercial success. Lacking the tall and lanky physical appearance typical of some male country stars, he successfully integrated pop music and rock music elements into his recordings and live performances. He soon began to dominate the country singles and country albums charts and quickly crossed over into the mainstream pop arena, selling records like no one else in country music ever had and exposing country music to a larger audience than previously thought possible.
Brooks enjoyed one of the most successful careers in popular music history, with over 70 hit singles and 15 charted albums to his credit and over 115 million albums sold in the US alone, breaking records for both sales and concert attendance throughout the 1990s. Possibly dissatisfied and looking to expand his career boundaries, he then attempted (and left uncompleted) an artistically ambitious multimedia project involving a fictitious alter ego.
Troubled by the conflicts between career and family, the year after the decade ended, Garth Brooks announced his retirement from recording and performing, thereby disappearing from the music world as suddenly as he had come. To his many fans the world over, he is a legend.
Garth Brooks grew up in Yukon, Oklahoma. His father Ray Brooks worked as a draughtsman for an oil company, while his mother Colleen Carroll was a country music singer on the Capitol Records label in the 1950s and also a regular on the Red Foley. Garth grew up with an interest in music and sang in casual family settings, but his biggest interest was in athletics. He played American football, baseball, and ran athletics (track and field) in high school. Brooks attended Oklahoma State University - Stillwater in Stillwater, Oklahoma on a Athletics (track and field) scholarship as a javelin thrower. However he dropped track while at the school and graduated in 1984 with a degree in advertising. Brooks began his professional singing career in that same year. He became very successful as a local artist, playing to packed clubs and bars in Oklahoma, the Tumbleweed in Stillwater in particular. However, a 1985 trip to Nashville to gain a record contract was a miserable failure. Brooks returned to Oklahoma and in 1986 married Sandy Mahl of Owasso, Oklahoma, whom he had met while working as a Doorman at the Tumbleweed. In 1987, the couple moved to Nashville, and Brooks was gradually able to wend his way into the music industry. By 1988, he was signed to Capitol Records. During the early years, Brooks frequently recorded demo records for songwriter Kent Blazy. It was Blazy who introduced Brooks to Trisha Yearwood, another unknown aspiring singer, in October 1987. The pair became immediate friends and pledged to help the other out once one of them made it big. Garth landed a record deal and tour first and took Trisha on the road as his opening act in 1991. The rest is country music history.
The success begins
Garth Brooks' Garth Brooks (album) was released in 1989 in music and was both a critical and chart success. It peaked at #2 in the US country album chart and reached #13 on the Billboard 200 pop album chart. Most of the album was traditionalist country, influenced in part by George Strait. The first single ahead of it was "Much Too Young To Feel This Damn Old", a country top 10 success. It was followed by his first well-known song, "If Tomorrow Never Comes", which was his first country #1 and is still considered one of his best-crafted efforts. "Not Counting You" reached #2, and then "The Dance (Garth Brooks song)" put him at #1 again; this song's theme of people dying in the course of doing something they believe in resonated strongly and together with a popular music video gave Brooks his first push towards a broader audience. Brooks has also claimed that of all the songs he has recorded, "The Dance" is his favorite. The album No Fences followed in 1990. It reached #1 on the Billboard country music chart (staying there for 23 weeks) and #3 on the pop chart, and would go on to become Brooks' biggest-selling album, with global sales of over 20 million copies. It contained what would become Brooks' signature song, the blue collar anthem "Friends in Low Places", which was a favorite of American troops serving in the 1991 Gulf War. The album contained two other Brooks classics, the dramatic and controversial "Thunder Rolls" and the philosophically ironic "Unanswered Prayers". Also a hit was the affectionate "Two of a Kind, Workin’ on a Full House"; all four of these songs hit #1 on the country chart. While Brooks' music was definitely in the country idiom, he had also absorbed a sensibility from the 1970s singer songwriter movement, especially James Taylor (whom he idolized and named his first child after) and Dan Fogelberg. Similarly, Brooks was influenced by the operatic rock of the 1970s-era Billy Joel and Bruce Springsteen. In his highly successful live shows, Brooks used a wireless headset microphone to free himself to run about the stage, adding energy and arena rock theatrics to spice up the normally staid country music approach to concerts.
When Garth Brooks' third album, Ropin' the Wind, was released in September 1991, it had advance orders of 4 million copies and entered the pop album charts at #1, a first for a country act. It also further propelled the sales of his first two albums, such that he sometimes occupied the top two spots in the pop album chart (and the top three in the Country one). Nashville had never imagined that a country artist could become the biggest artist in popular music, but when both record sales and concert attendance were looked at, Garth Brooks was doing just that. Ropin' the Wind s music was a melange of pop country and honky-tonk; hits included Billy Joel's "Shameless", "What She's Doing Now", and "The River". In the end it became his second-best selling album after No Fences . Brooks was in Los Angeles when the 1992 Los Angeles riots broke out there. To then express his desire for tolerance of all kinds, he co-wrote the gospel-country-rock hybrid "We Shall Be Free", which was the first single off his fourth album The Chase (Garth Brooks album) . http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php?cid=00229 However the song #Support for gay rights from country radio stations and from the culturally conservative country audience, and only made it to #12 on the country chart, his worst showing to date. Nevertheless, the song often received standing ovations when performed in concert. The Chase , which Brooks would later describe as his album that gave the closest look into his mind, would go on to become a huge success, with its next two singles both making it back to #1. But it would not quite match the sales of his previous albums, and the tension between what Brooks wanted to do and what at least parts of his core audience were willing to accept would seem to stay with him for the balance of his career. In any case, Brooks's most loyal fans greatly admired his pushing of boundaries and personal vision. Brooks won his first Grammy Award for Best Male Country Vocal Performance in 1992 for the album Ropin' the Wind . He was awarded the Academy of Country Music award for Entertainer of the Year for 1990, 1991, 1992 and 1993, and the award for Top Male Vocalist for 1990 and 1991. As a performer and artist he has been compared to fellow country and pop/rock legends, such as the likes of Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Jackson Browne, Kenny Rogers, Elton John, George Strait, George Jones, and Eagles. During this period Garth and Sandy Brooks had three children: Taylor Mayne Pearl, born July 8, 1992; August Anna, born May 3, 1994; and Allie Colleen, born July 28, 1996. Brooks' August 1993 album In Pieces was another instant number 1 success, going on to sell in the region of 10 million copies world-wide. However, it was not issued across the world all at once, which caused upset among his fans. In the United Kingdom, one of Brooks' most committed fan bases outside the United States, country music disc jockeys, such as Martin Campbell and John Wellington, noted that many fans were buying the album on import; indeed it was the first album to debut in the top 10 of the UK Country album charts when it was not actually released there. Once officially released, in 1994, it reached the top spot on the UK Country chart and number two on the UK pop albums chart. That same year "The Red Strokes" became Brooks' first single to make the pop top 40 there, reaching a high of number 13; it was followed by "Standing Outside The Fire", which made number 23. Previous albums No Fences , Ropin' The Wind and The Chase also remained in the top 30. Brooks then embarked on a 1994 UK tour, selling out venues such as Birmingham's National Exhibition Centre and London's Wembley Arena. He opened the London radio station, Country 1035. He also made a number of other television and radio appearances, experiencing considerable rude treatment from the British media (see #Rude treatment from British media below). Nevertheless, Brooks success in bringing his brand of country music to Britain was evident; indeed, Brooks has been nicknamed Garth Vader (a play on Darth Vader) in reference to his "invasion" of the charts and his success as an icon of the country genre, and the nickname probably originated from Britain when a top disc jockey, Nick Barraclough, used the phrase to describe Brooks' success on his BBC radio show. Brooks returned to the UK in 1996 for more sold-out concerts, although this time his media appearances were mostly restricted to country radio and interviews with magazines. Brooks' success as a star elsewhere in the world is also evident, enjoying hit records and sell-out tours in Ireland, Spain, throughout Europe, Brazil, The Far East, New Zealand, Australia, etc. In 1994 Brooks showed the variety of influences his music comes from when he appeared on the hard rock compilation KISS My Ass , a collection of KISS (band) cover songs by popular artists from all genres. Garth requested to be on the project, and the band wholeheartedly agreed. Garth would cover the song "Hard Luck Woman", one of the band's biggest hits, and one of drummer Peter Criss' signature songs. When Brooks was asked if he had intended to make the song a country version (he was the only country performer on the entire album), he said that he couldn't dream of performing the song any other way than Peter Criss did. Nevertheless, Brooks' version made its way into the country charts. One of the later peaks in Brooks' fame came on August 7, 1997, when he gave a free concert in New York City's Central Park, drawing hundreds of thousands of people in a city that many would say is far removed from the country music world. Estimates of the actual crowd size varied considerably, from 250,000 to 750,000 or even higher (this is because many were outside the actual venue, which was filled, enjoying the show. Brooks himself once said that he "played to over 800,000 people" at the show) http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/9708/07/garth.late/; an additional 14.6 million viewers saw it live on HBO. Billy Joel and Don McLean made guest appearances. Brooks once again won the award for the ACM Entertainer of the year in 1998.
In 1999 Brooks launched upon a conceptually ambitious and unorthodox multi-media project. He wanted to star in a thriller film in development hell called The Lamb that was about an emotionally conflicted fictional pop/rock star named Chris Gaines. He got the role, with Don Was to produce it. To prepare for the film, Brooks then decided to become Chris Gaines, adopting an alter ego look and personality—slimmer, black hair, soul patch, somewhat angst-ridden—and constructing a sizable back story. Much of this back story had to be musical, so with altered style and voice Brooks recorded Gaines' "Greatest Hits" album, In the Life of Chris Gaines . This was announced to the world, and met with a confused reaction, in May 1999 http://www.eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,4744,00.html. In October 1999, this album, now titled Garth Brooks In ... The Life of Chris Gaines , was finally released. It can best be described as a collection of Brooks's experiments in other popular music genres, such as alternative rock and rhythm and blues. It received mixed reviews in the United States, although in the United Kingdom the magazine Country Music People referred to it as "a work of genius". A mockumentary, Garth Brooks ... In The Life of Chris Gaines was also made and shown on VH1 in that same year. Additionally, Brooks appeared once as guest host on Saturday Night Live with Gaines as special musical guest. The success of the Chris Gaines experiment was decidedly doubtful mere weeks after the album was released. Some critics admired Brooks for demonstrating his range as a musician and actor, but most of the American public was either totally bewildered, or completely unreceptive to the idea of Garth Brooks as anything but a pop-country singer. Many of his fans also felt that by supporting the Gaines project they would lose the real Garth Brooks. Sales of the album were unspectacular, and although it made it to #2 on the pop album chart, expectations had been higher and retail stores were heavily discounting their oversupply. The Lamb film project, which had been the genesis of the whole idea, was then cancelled and "Chris Gaines" quickly faded away into obscurity, consigned mostly to ridicule by American comedians. In 2005, Late Night with Conan O'Brien would display and mention Chris Gaines in its "Late Night Wall of National Jokes".
In 1991, Brooks took part in Voices That Care', a multi-artist project that featured other top names in music for a one-off single to raise money for the allied troops in the Gulf War. The project included fellow country singers Randy Travis, Kenny Rogers and Kathy Mattea. In 1999, Garth Brooks began the Teammates for Kids Foundation which provides financial aid to charities for children. The organization breaks down into three categories spanning three different sports.
Support for gay rights
In 2000, Brooks appeared at the Equality Rocks benefit concert for gay rights. He sang a duet with openly gay singer George Michael. In the lyrics to his song "We Shall Be Free", Brooks sings "When we're free to love anyone we choose," a possible reference to gay relationships. Brooks won a 1993 GLAAD Media Awards for the song and his subsequent comments about it, such as, "But if you're in love, you've got to follow your heart and trust that God will explain to us why we sometimes fall in love with people of the same sex." http://gaytoday.badpuppy.com/garchive/entertain/040599en.htm Brooks' sister and live bassist somewhat early in his career, Betsy Smittle, is a well-known lesbian entertainer in Tulsa. She has worked with the late country star Gus Hardin and several Tulsa musicians. Because of Brooks' gay-positive comments, and the close and heavily publicized relationship with his sister, Brooks has become one of very few country music gay icons. (By comparison, in the pop or rock worlds, none of these stances would cause much notice.)
As his career rose, Garth Brooks seemed frustrated by the conflicts between career and family. He talked of retiring from performing in 1992 http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php?cid=00229 and 1995, but went back out on tour each time instead. In 1999, he talked again of retirement again on The Nashville Network's Crook & Chase program; this time, falling records sales may have been an additional trigger. http://www.wholenote.com/default.asp?iTarget=http%3A//www.wholenote.com/news/item.asp%3Fi%3D116 In 1999, Garth and Sandy Brooks separated http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1717257.stm; they made public their plans to divorce on October 9, 2000 http://music.yahoo.com/read/news/12054809 which became final in 2001. On October 26, 2000, Brooks officially announced his retirement from recording and performing. http://music.yahoo.com/read/news/12057103 That same night, Capitol Records saluted his achievement of selling 100 million albums in the US with a lavish party at Nashville's Gaylord Entertainment Center. http://music.yahoo.com/read/news/12057079 November 13, 2001, saw the release of Brooks' last album, Scarecrow (Garth Brooks album). Brooks staged a few performances for promotional purposes, but stated that he would be retired from recording and performing at least until his youngest daughter, Allie, turned 18. Although the album did not sell as well as his heyday, it still sold comfortably well, reaching #1 on both the pop and country charts. Although Brooks ceased to record new material between 2002 and (most of) 2005, he continued to chart with previously recorded material, including a top 30 placing for "Why Ain't I Running" in 2003. On May 25, 2005, Brooks proposed to longtime friend and fellow country music superstar Trisha Yearwood in front of a packed house in Bakersfield, California, California. In December 2005, Patricia Lynn Yearwood and Troyal Garth Brooks drove to Claremore, Oklahoma and got their marriage license at the Rogers County, Oklahoma Courthouse. They wed on December 10, 2005, at their home in Oklahoma. It was Brooks' second marriage and the third for Yearwood. Trisha and Garth are constantly spotted at Utica Square in Tulsa where they shop and dine. They also live on a ranch in Owasso, Oklahoma, just northeast of Tulsa. Later in 2005 there were rumours of a comeback concert in Las Vegas; however, these proved false and Brooks insisted he was not touring, neither did he have any plans to make any new studio material until 2015. However, there was some good news for his fans in August 2005 when it was announced that Brooks had signed a deal with Wal-Mart, leasing them the rights to his back catalog following his split with Capitol. Three months later, Brooks and Wal-Mart issued The Limited Series (2005 box set), a six-CD box set containing past material and a Lost Sessions disc with eleven previously unissued recordings. http://www.countryweekly.com/stories/scene/63174 This is the first time in history that a musician has signed a deal that states his music will be sold by only one retailer. Confirmation that Brooks still has a large fan base was shown as the set sold more than 500,000 physical copies on its day of issue and it quickly topped 1 million by the first week in December (which by RIAA accounting rules for multiple albums is equal to 6 million units). Granted the boxed set was released around Christmas, as a limited-edition, and priced well below what one might expect of a six-disc collection. In September 2005, Brooks came out of his retirement long enough to perform John Fogerty's "Who'll Stop the Rain" with Yearwood on the Shelter from the Storm: A Concert for the Gulf Coast nationwide telethon for Hurricane Katrina relief. A new single was also issued, "Good Ride Cowboy", a tribute to his late friend, rodeo star and fellow country singer, Chris Ledoux. Later in the month Brooks performed at the Grand Ole Opry's 80th birthday celebration. Selections included a duet with Steve Wariner on "Long Neck Bottle", another joint effort with country legends Bill Anderson, Porter Wagoner, and Little Jimmy Dickens, and a solo guitar "The Dance", after telling the audience he hoped it was like riding a bicycle. The audience sang along with Garth, and there was a rousing long standing ovation. On November 15, 2005, Brooks performed "Good Ride Cowboy" in front of a live audience in Times Square in New York City, as part of the 2005 Country Music Association Awards show. The audience went wild, and Garth looked like his old self. In December, the single reached #1. In early 2006 Wal-mart issued The Lost Sessions as a single CD apart from the boxed set, with extra tracks including the top 40 duet with Yearwood, "Love Will Always Win". All of the Garth Brooks studio albums were also re-issued under the umbrella "The Remastered Series".
In 1993, Garth Brooks, who had criticized music stores which sold used CDs since it led to a loss in royalty payments, persuaded Capitol Records not to ship his album In Pieces to stores which engaged in such practices. This led to several anti-trust lawsuits against the record label and ended with Capitol shipping the CDs to the stores after all. http://www.planetgarth.com/gbnews/garth049.shtml Brooks lamented that the record label had "sold out".
Rude treatment from British media
During Brooks' 1994 tour of the UK he made a number of general radio and television appearances. On ITV's regional news show London Tonight, he was introduced with the words "Howdy partners, I've gone on down to Wembley Arena to interview a top-selling, rooting tooting, cotton picking, Country and Western star, yeeha!" On Channel 4's nationwide The Big Breakfast show he was mocked by presenters Chris Evans and Paula Yates, with Evans commenting, "He's selling more records than anyone in the world, but none of us have ever heard of him." Yates did an impression of a Country singer and told Brooks that, "Country singers always seem to be weeping over the dead dog and things," and also remarked, "I thought you'd come in here and twiddle your pistol around and be impressed." During this interview, Brooks seemed a little uneasy and was relieved when he was told it was over; although he remained very polite, he did mention to Yates that she clearly didn't know a thing about Country music, at least in the last 20 years. Scores of Brooks fans wrote to complain about the way he was treated by the show. Sometime after this, Dwight Yoakam appeared on the same show and after Yates told him, "You seem different from other Country singers we've had on the show," Yoakam replied, "What? All two of us?" In a radio interview with British Country disc jockey John Wellington, Brooks was quoted as saying, "Yeah I was shocked at the reaction I got from the crowd in London. From the media attention I got, I thought country music didn't exist here, but Country music is alive and well in London, as well as all of England." Unlike Alan Jackson, who refused to return to the UK after being treated in a similar manner by the press, Brooks returned in 1996 for more sell out concerts, although this time his media appearances were mostly restricted to country radio and interviews with magazines.
Best selling solo artist?
In 1999 the Recording Industry Association of America made an announcement that Garth Brooks was the best-selling solo artist of the 20th century in America. http://www.riaa.com/news/newsletter/press1999/111099.asp This conclusion drew a fair amount of disbelief and outrage from the press and music fans, who did not feel that Brooks had the stature or musical gravitas for this distinction, and who felt that surely Elvis Presley must have sold more records than Brooks. This latter point led to much discussion and criticism of how RIAA does its certifications and lifetime totals, and how those methods may well have been faulty during the period decades ago in which Presley got many of his sales. http://www.elvisinfonet.com/elvisvsbeatlespart1.html http://www.biwa.ne.jp/~presley/elnews-ElvisRecordSales.htm In any case, Brooks, while proud of his sales accomplishments, deferred to "The King" and stated that he too believed that Presley must have sold more. As of January 2004, the RIAA announced that Presley had taken over the top solo artist spot and that "Elvis Presley now stands as the best selling solo artist in U.S. history." Garth Brooks now holds the number 2 spot. http://www.riaa.com/gp/bestsellers/topartists.asp The revision brought more criticism of the accuracy of the RIAA's figures, this time from Brooks' followers.
Absence on the pop singles charts
While Brooks scored many number ones on the Billboard 200 pop album chart, very few of his singles reached the parallel Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, an odd discrepancy. The Hot 100 chart has been the subject of much criticism over the years due to the way it has been compiled, especially since it stopped using sales as its main source of information. In 2005, long after Brooks' peak success, the Pop 100 was launched by Billboard in answer to these critics. Although this new chart is still criticized by some, it shows stronger placings for country songs, in addition to this, he has also had stronger placings on another Billboard pop music chart, Top 40 Mainstream, since it began in the late 1990s. Still, no solo male country artist has topped the Billboard pop music singles chart since Kenny Rogers in 1980, despite the many who have had #1's on the pop album listings (a chart based purely upon sales).
Affair with Trisha Yearwood
Tabloids reported throughout the 1990s that Brooks was having an affair with fellow country star and longtime friend Trisha Yearwood. Garth admitted he had been cheating on wife Sandy, and at one concert (in the early 90's when opening for Eddie Rabbitt) someone in the audience shouted "Go back to her, Garth!" His marriage to Sandy ended in late 2000. Probably because of Garth's mother's cancer, Sandy waited to file for divorce. Soon after his mother died, divorce papers were filed. Brooks and Yearwood married in 2005. Brooks and Yearwood have continually denied having had an affair, saying that although they had feelings for one another (Brooks said the first time he saw Yearwood, he thought she was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen; Yearwood said she had a crush on Garth for years and never told him), they were never intimate while married to others.
Charts and sales
For a list of singles and albums, see Garth Brooks discography
Courtesy of: http://www.wikipedia.org/