Luiz (Ludwig) Heinrich Mann (March 27, 1871 – March 12, 1950) was a Germany novelist who wrote works with social themes whose attacks on the authoritarian and increasingly militaristic nature of post-Weimar German society led to his exile in 1933.
Life and work
He was born in Lübeck as the oldest child of Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann and his wife Júlia da Silva Bruhns and was the elder brother of Thomas Mann. His father came from a patrician grain merchant family and was a Senator of the Hanseatic city. After the death of his father, his mother moved the family to Munich, where Heinrich began his career as a freier Schriftsteller.
His essay on Zola and the novel Der Untertan earned him much respect during the Weimar Republic, since it satirized German society and explained how its political system had led to the World War I. Eventually, his book Professor Unrat was liberally adaptated into the successful movie Der Blaue Engel ( The Blue Angel). Carl Zuckmayer wrote the script, and Josef von Sternberg was the director. Marlene Dietrich played her first major role in it as Lola Lola the "actress" (named Rosa Fröhlich in the novel).
Together with Albert Einstein and other celebrities, Mann was a signatory to a letter to the International League of Human Rights condemning the murder of Croatia scholar Dr Milan Šufflay on February 18, 1931. He became a persona non grata in Nazi Germany and eventually made his way to Marseille in Vichy France. There, he was aided to escape to Spain, and eventually the United States by Varian Fry in 1940.
During the 1930s and later in American exile, his literary career went downhill, and eventually he died in Santa Monica, California, lonely and without much money, just months before he was to move to Soviet-occupied Germany to become president of the Prussia (state) Academy of Arts. His ashes were later taken to East Germany.
Incomplete In einer Familie, 1894 Im Schlaraffenland, 1900 ( In the Land of Cockaigne, 1929) Die Jagd nach Liebe, 1903 Professor Unrat, 1905 ( Small Town Tyrant, 1944) Der Untertan ( The Loyal Subject or Man of Straw), 1919* Das Kaiserreich ( The Empire), 1918 – 1925 Die kleine Stadt 1909 Die Jugend des Königs Henri Quatre, 1935 Die Vollendung des Königs Henri Quatre, 1938
Dohm-Mann family tree
Category:Natives of Schleswig-Holstein
Category:People from Lübeck
Courtesy of: http://www.wikipedia.org/